What You Need To Know About Peptide Hormones
Hormones are basically secretions by different glands of our body to regulate various physiological functions. They are synthesized and secreted by one organ and stimulate another leading to various physiological changes in the body.
Peptide hormones are secreted by various endocrinal glands. They are synthesized by amino acids and are normally secreted directly to the blood stream. Being water soluble, peptide hormones take less time to employ their function as compared to steroid hormones which usually take a while to start functioning in the body.
Peptide hormones are also known as protein hormones and vary widely in size. These hormones are one of the most important ones being taken by athletes all around the world for enhancing muscle size and strength. Peptide hormones basically instigate the production of a large number of unique hormones which are essential for regulating important functions of human body. This is the basic reason why they are being commonly used by the athletic community as part of their increasing-muscle-mass regimen.
To get to know more about peptide hormones, it is important to be aware of the various hormones constituted by the peptide hormones.
ACTH (Adreno Corticotrophic Hormone):
This hormone is being secreted by the pituitary gland and helps in stimulating adrenal glands. It assists in administering the production of gluco-corticoids as well as growth hormone. Moreover, it helps in rebuilding the damaged tissues in the body and acts on muscles, bones and liver. Increased levels of this hormone can cause insomnia, hypertension and osteoporosis etc.
ADH (Anti Diuretic Hormone):
This peptide hormone aids the body in fluid retention and stimulates higher level of blood pressure.
HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotrophic):
This hormone helps in increasing testosterone levels in the body. It can assure increased muscle mass and enhanced strength the body builders hanker after. However, an excessive level of even this hormone can cause a number of dreadful side effects. Among these side effects two of the most common and terrible ones are gynecomastia in males and disturbed menstrual cycle in females.
Luteneizing Hormone and Follicle Stimulating Hormone:
These hormones are produced by pituitary glands and stimulate gonads. They are responsible for building the secondary characteristics in males and females. Moreover, they help female bodies in maturation of ovarian follicles and play a vital role in production of sperms in males.
HGH (Human Growth hormones):
As the name implies, these hormones are essential for administering growth of human body. It helps in increasing not just the size of the body cells but also the number of the cells. This hormone is among the most important hormones used by athletes for increasing muscle mass and enhancing strength. However, an increased amount of HGH in body can make you suffer from a variety of disorders like hypertension, abnormal growth of hands and feet, increased perspiration, agitation etc.
Apart from these important peptide hormones, there are a number of others as well like EPO, (Erythropoietin) which is a hormone responsible for increasing the number of RBCs (Red Blood Cells) in human body and is normally considered to be effective for enhancing body endurance level. Some other vital peptide hormones are Gastrin, Prolactin, insulin etc.
Filed under: Peptides
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